What is the EU's Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)?
The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is the EU’s new proposed directive obliging large companies to report on the social and environmental impacts of their activities. The new legislation will cover nearly 50.000 companies and is proposed to be applied already for the 2023 financial year, with the first reporting on January 1st, 2024.
To help you get ready for the new reporting directive, we gathered everything you need to know about the CSRD. Why is it needed? What are the requirements and what companies are affected? This five-minute summary will provide you with all the essential facts you need to know to become a CSRD expert in no time!
NFRD becomes CSRD: new changes to EU’s directive on corporate sustainability reporting
In 2021, The European Commission (EC) issued a proposal for a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) to revise, expand and strengthen the current sustainability reporting framework of the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD).As stated in the proposal,the EC discovered a gap between the sustainability information that companies report on and the needs of the intended users of that information in the current NFRD framework. The framework in its current form fails to guarantee that the information provided by companies is reliable, comparable and relevant. The EC also identified the NFRD framework to be problematic for the reporting companies as well, as it lacks precisions on its requirements, and a large number of private standards and frameworks in existence makes it difficult for companies to know exactly what information they should report. Plus, these companies often experience difficulties in getting the information they themselves need from suppliers, clients and investe companies. So, to tackle these problems, the EU formed a new framework – the CSRD, aiming to ensure that companies disclose comparable, relevant and reliable sustainability information while simultaneously making it crystal clear what companies have to report on.
Who has to comply with the CSRD?
The reporting rules introduced by the NFRD only apply to so-called “public interest entities” meaning listed companies, banks, and insurance companies with more than 500 employees – translating to around 11.000 companies.
The new CSRD directive will significantly extend the scope of companies subject to the reporting requirements to the following:
1. All large companies, regardless of capital market orientation that meet at least two of the following three requirements:
250 or more employees:
40 million EUR in net turnover;
20 million EUR in assets
2. All listed companies on EU regulated markets. This includes companies not established in the EU that are listed on EU regulated markets and the EU subsidiaries of non-EU companies.
3. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) listed on EU regulated markets from the financial year 2026. SMEs will have separate, less rigorous standards compared to the standards applied to larger companies that they have to report in 2027 for the financial year 2026. Although SMEs are not yet required to comply with the CSRD, starting to report under the new directive will only help your organization to better prepare and smoothen the process. Besides, SMEs that don’t report their ESG information may find themselves at risk of exclusion from investment portfolios, especially asESG is only becoming more and more important for investors.
Micro-enterprises with less than 10 employees or below 20 Million 20 EUR are the only ones not covered by the CSRD. This means that nearly 50.000 companies in the EU will be covered by the CSRD framework, corresponding to 75% of EU’s companies turnover.
What information needs to be disclosed to comply with the CSRD?
The proposal for a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive is currentlypublished for consultationuntil 8 August 2022 – and the first set of drafts is expected to be submitted to the Commission by November 2022. If the draft is approved, then these will be the dates to keep track of:
October 2022: The EU Commission adopts the first set of reporting standards
December 2022: EU Member States will have to adopt the EU Directive into national law
2024: Companies reports and publishes their sustainability information according to the first set of Sustainability Reporting Standards for the 2023 financial year.
2025: Companies reports and publishes its sustainability information according to the first set of Sustainability Reporting Standards for the 2024 financial year.
2027: SMES start reporting to a separate, proportionate reporting standard for the financial year 2026
Comply with the CSRD in Worldfavor
Collect, analyze and organize your sustainability information in Worldfavor’s user-friendly platform to become CSRD-compliant without the hassle! Worldfavor's global network connects organizations across the world to access, share, and gain insights from sustainability and compliance data – making it easy for you to access all information you need to comply with the EU directives' requirements.